Bitcoin Madenciliği Tartışması En Çok Etkilenen İnsanları Görmezden Geliyor

GÖTÜRMEK:


  • New York merkezli kripto madenciliği tesisi Greenidge Generation, madencilik şirketlerinin çevre ve yerel topluluklar üzerindeki etkileriyle ilgili eyalet ve ulusal tartışmaların merkezinde buldu.

  • En azından New York’ta, bu tartışma Greenidge gibi şirketleri hedef alan yasalara yol açtı.

  • Daha büyük bitcoin madenciliği tartışmasında tüm taraflarca kullanılan retorik genellikle yanlış bilgilere dayanırken, New York’un taşrasındaki çevreciler aslında yanlışlıklarla dolu argümanlarla mevzuatı etkiliyorlar.

  • Ancak tesisin yakınında yaşayan yerel halk, sohbetten çıkarıldıklarını söylüyor ve daha geniş tartışmalar Greenidge’in hayatlarında oynadığı rolü görmezden geliyor.

DRESDEN, NY — Geçen yıl Vali Kathy Hochul, gaz santralleri gibi karbon bazlı enerji kaynaklarıyla çalışan yeni kripto madenciliği tesislerine iki yıllık bir yasak imzaladı.

Dönüm noktası niteliğindeki New York yasası, bitcoin (BTC) madenciliğinin eyaletteki etkisi hakkında aylarca süren tartışmalardan sonra geldi. Yerel bir birliğin üyeleri ve bu tartışmanın merkezinde bitcoin madenciliği yapan bir enerji santrali olan Greenidge Generation yakınlarındaki sakinler moratoryuma karşı çıktı. Tasarının destekçileri, bitkinin buzul gölüne sıcak su püskürterek binlerce balığı öldürmekten ve diğer su canlılarına zararlı olan zehirli alg patlamalarına katkıda bulunmaktan sorumlu olduğunu savundu.

Cayuga Gölü’nün güney ve doğusundaki bir dizi kasabayı temsil eden bir Demokrat olan New York Meclis Üyesi Anna Kelles, Earthjustice ve Sierra Club gibi ulusal çevre grupları ve Seneca Lake Guardian gibi hiper yerel gruplar da dahil olmak üzere tasarının destekçileri, yasanın geçişini önemli bir olay olarak müjdelediler. zafer. Şimdi, savaşı ulusallaştırıyorlar.

Kelles, yalnızca bu yıl ABD Senatosu Çevre ve Bayındırlık İşleri Alt Komitesi ve Pennsylvania Temsilciler Meclisi Çevre Kaynakları ve Enerji Komitesi önünde ifade verdi. Senato paneline başkanlık eden Senatör Ed Markey (D-Mass.), duruşmayı “Kongre’nin uzun zamandır yaptığı en bilgilendirici oturumlardan biri” olarak nitelendirdi.

Kelles, Senato duruşması sırasında, “Greenidge gibi tesisler ayrıca su yaşamını olumsuz yönde etkileyerek her yıl binlerce balığı öldürüyor ve hem vahşi yaşam hem de insanlar için toksik olan zararlı alg patlamaları riskini artırıyor” dedi.

Ancak büyük bir sorun var: Kelles ve müttefikleri tarafından kullanılan retoriğin çoğu, kesinlikle iyi niyetli olsa da doğru değil. Çevreciler tarafından yapılan açıklamaların çoğu – örneğin, Greenidge’in Seneca Gölü’nün ortalama sıcaklığının yükselmesine veya zararlı alg çoğalmalarına neden olması veya jet motorunun yüksek sesi yaymasına neden olduğu – devlet tarafından toplanan verilerle ve şahsen kolayca çürütülür. deneyim.

Aynı zamanda, endüstrinin lobicileri ve savunucuları, kripto endüstrisinin bu sektörünün yenilenebilir veya temiz enerjiye yapılan yatırımları artırabileceğini ve aksi takdirde hiçbir nedeni olmayacak enerji şebekelerini destekleyebileceğini söyleyerek, nefessiz bir şekilde bitcoin madenciliğinin potansiyel faydalarını öne sürüyorlar. geliştirilmek Bu bitcoin savunucularının en ateşlileri, kendileriyle aynı fikirde olmayan herkese saldırır. Bu ay, Kelles Pensilvanya’daki milletvekilleri önünde bitcoin madenciliği hakkında ifade verirken birisi onun Twitter hesabını hackledi ve beslemesini, 15 dakikalık şöhretinin tadını çıkaran bir mem parası olan pepecoin’i (PEPE) tanıtmak için kullandı.

Bu tartışmalar son derece politize hale geldi, çevreciler ve bitcoinciler arasında, görünüşte çevresel bir tartışma ve özünde, kripto para birimi endüstrisinin dünyaya sağladığı değer ve bu değerin olup olmadığı hakkında felsefi bir tartışma olan, neredeyse inatçı bir çatışma haline geldi. açık ve potansiyel olarak ağır bir çevresel maliyeti üstlenmeye değer.

Madencilikle ilgili tartışma şu ana kadar nüanslara gerçekten girmeden sadece bu felsefi sohbeti ele aldı. CoinDesk, bitcoin madenciliğinin “buna değer” olup olmadığı sorusuna cevap verme girişiminde de bulunmuyor.

New York, Texas ile birlikte bu tartışmanın sıcak noktası haline geldi ve Greenidge beklenmedik bir poster çocuğu oldu. Riot Platforms’un Austin, Teksas dışındaki merkezi gibi diğer madencilik tesisleri, bitcoin madenciliği tartışmasında daha büyük roller oynamış olsa da, Greenidge, Albany (New York’un başkenti) ve Washington, DC’deki tartışmalarda önemli bir yer tutuyor.

Greenidge’in benzersiz bir role sahip olduğunu belirtmek önemlidir ve bu farklı tesisleri ve çevrelerindeki toplulukları nasıl etkilediklerini doğrudan karşılaştırmak zordur. Greenidge kendi elektriğini üretirken, Riot mevcut (bazen sallantılı) bir enerji şebekesinden yararlanır. Washington eyaletinin taşrasındakiler gibi diğer madencilik tesisleri, sınırlı miktarda güce güvenebilir veya toplu olarak topluluk tarafından ödenen gücü kullanabilir; bu, kullanımdaki artışın maliyetlerinin, her birinin gücü ne kadar olursa olsun herkese aktarılacağı anlamına gelir kişi kullanabilir. Tennessee’deki bir ilçe, kısmen çıkardığı gürültü nedeniyle yerel bir mayına dava açıyor, Dresden’deki bazı yerel halk bu şikayetin kendileri için geçerli olmadığını söylüyor.

The debate and media coverage around Greenidge have become part of a snowballing collection of misinformation that doesn’t take into account the reality on the ground in Dresden, New York.

Misinformation snowball

This misinformation snowball consists of both minor statements exaggerated in the national discourse and massive campaigns built on faulty assumptions.

For example, in July 2021, Abi Buddington – a local environmental activist with a house and land on Seneca Lake – told NBC that the lake was “so warm you feel like you’re in a hot tub.” Buddington’s remark was picked up by major outlets including Ars Technica and Business Insider.

Buddington later clarified that she meant not the lake itself, but the water near Greenidge’s discharge pipes (the facility uses water from the lake for cooling, as it has since it was built in 1937 as a coal-fired power plant) in Keuka Outlet.

And while Buddington was correct in asserting that Greenidge is putting warmer water back into the lake than it takes in, the water discharged is nowhere near the “hot tub” temperature or 108 degrees Fahrenheit activists and Kelles claim it is.

The average temperature difference between Greenidge’s water intake and its output is between 9 and 13 degrees – making it roughly 32 degrees below the level permitted by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, a Greenidge spokesperson said in response to CoinDesk’s inquiry. NBC News reported that 108 degrees is the maximum allowed temperature for water Greenidge puts back into the lake, contradicting Kelles’ claim that that was the actual temperature of the water discharge. The local activists at Seneca Lake Guardian accused Greenidge of strawmanning its critics, asserting that “no one ever said” Greenidge was discharging water at that temperature, but Kelles has said so often, including in a February 2022 press release.

Furthermore, the average temperature of Seneca Lake has remained generally consistent over the past few years, Vice News’ Motherboard reported, citing data from scientists at local Hobart and William Smith Colleges.

According to Motherboard’s investigation, the college has recorded a steady, annual 0.2 degrees Celsius rise in temperature for Seneca Lake since the mid-1990s, indicating the lake is warming slowly, but that rise has not been correlated with Greenidge’s operation.

Despite Buddington’s subsequent clarification, the ball was already rolling. In December 2021, less than six months after NBC’s article was published, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) sent a letter to Greenidge Generation’s CEO demanding information about the firm’s impact on climate change and the local environment. Her letter cited local residents’ concerns about “the temperature of water outflow.”

The water temperature misrepresentation is just one example of how an incredibly nuanced subject has become something of a political and emotional flashpoint for environmentalists and bitcoiners alike.

Complicating matters, bitcoin mining’s supporters have too-often chosen to combat misinformation with misinformation of their own or, at best, bad-faith trolling.

A recent video from Riot Platforms in response to a New York Times article about the pollution created by bitcoin mining facetiously claimed that “bitcoin mining has zero carbon emissions” based on indoor carbon dioxide testing at the Bitdeer mining facility in Rockdale, Texas.

If taken at face value, that would obviously be a disingenuous statement. If it’s a joke, as Riot claimed after receiving online backlash, it wasn’t widely recognized as such and served mainly to incense the other side.

It is not a question that bitcoin mining is energy intensive. In 2020, the most recent year data is available from the New York Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), Greenidge emitted a massive 288,440 tons of carbon dioxide into the air.

Some locals are OK with that, given the benefits the facility brings.

Steve Griffin, a native of New York’s Yates County and the CEO of the Finger Lakes Economic Development Center, a quasi-governmental organization tasked with growing the economy in Yates, said that despite Greenidge’s emissions, concerns that it’s harming local wildlife may be overblown.

“We know the value and the importance of the lakes’ worth and in our environment or climate. I mean, we’re a big agricultural community, we know what the value is of the climate,” he said. “We wouldn’t want to incentivize anything that was going to clearly negatively impact that.”

Other examples of the misinformation surrounding the Greenidge debate range from debates about how many employment opportunities it provides to the impact it has on the local electricity grid.

Local voices like Griffin’s have been largely drowned out amid the debate over Greenidge, and crypto mining more broadly.

Local voices

In mid-2022, CoinDesk reporters traveled to the Finger Lakes region to visit the small towns near Greenidge’s facility on Seneca Lake, and talked to local residents, businesses, town officials and union workers to learn how they viewed the refurbished power plant.

The visit was, according to the village of Dresden’s mayor, William Hall, unprecedented. Despite the media circus surrounding Greenidge, Hall said he’d never once been contacted by a reporter, lobbyist or politician about Greenidge. This includes both the bitcoin advocates using Greenidge as an example of a successful business and the critics saying it was harming the local environment.

When CoinDesk contacted Hall again in May 2023, his staff confirmed that no one had called or visited him to speak about Greenidge since our last visit.

“Nobody has ever come to talk to us about it,” Hall said. “We need people from somewhere to take an interest, to come talk to the people that are benefitting [from Greenidge’s presence], not the anti-[Greenidge] people that don’t even live here.”

In Hall’s telling, only the so-called “cottage people” – wealthy out-of-towners with lake houses or plans to retire on Seneca Lake – were upset about Greenidge’s presence. One of the “cottage people” Hall referenced was Buddington.

“We had a lady down on Arrowhead Beach that was very, very involved in the anti-[Greenidge] side,” Hall said. “[Buddington and her husband] are Rochester residents, eventually going to live here when they retire, which I understand. She told the press that the water in front of her cottage was bathwater warm. And that morning, someone had already checked the temperature and it was in the 40s.”

Buddington did not respond to a request for comment.

Hall, Dresden’in 300 küsur sakininin çoğunun fabrikayı desteklediğini söyledi. Göldeki uzun süredir varlığını biliyorlardı ve yerel hastane için pahalı yeni bir CT tarayıcının ve hidrolik “yaşam çenelerinin” maliyetinin bir kısmını karşılamak gibi yöneticilerinin topluluğa yaptıkları katkılar için minnettardılar. 75 yaşındaki Hall’un hala gönüllü itfaiyeci olduğu itfaiye için kurtarma sistemi.

Dresden’in her yerinde Greenidge’in yatırımına dair (gerçek) işaretler vardı. Şirket, çocuklar için yerel bir oyun alanının yanı sıra insanları köye davet eden elektronik bir tabelaya sponsor oldu.

Yerel sakinler ve işletme sahipleri de dahil olmak üzere CoinDesk’in konuştuğu kişilerin çoğu, Greenidge hakkında bir fikirleri varsa, Greenidge’in göldeki varlığının bölge için iyi olduğu konusunda hemfikirdi.

Dresden işareti (Nikhilesh De/CoinDesk)

Uçuş izni reddedildi

CoinDesk spoke to Hall less than two weeks after NYSDEC decided to deny Greenidge’s application to renew its Title V air permit – five-year permits required to operate facilities deemed as high polluters (Cornell University, for example, is another facility in the region with a Title V Air permit).

The decision came after a lengthy campaign against Greenidge by environmental groups, in which 4,000 letters were submitted to NYSDEC – 98% of which were anti-Greenidge.

Though Greenidge was operating within the limits set by its NYSDEC-granted permits, the Department claimed its decision to deny the renewal application was “based on the determination that the facility’s continued operation would be inconsistent or would interfere with the attainment of the Statewide greenhouse emission limits” established by the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act (CLCPA), an ambitious plan to reach zero net emissions by 2050.

“The very first hearing, they bussed people in here. You couldn’t move in the village. But they were not residents, they came from a long ways away.”

Dresden Mayor William Hall

Three months before NYSDEC’s denial, however, Greenidge argued that it was already compliant with CLCPA guidelines and even proposed adding two new binding emissions limits to its renewed permits – to reduce permitted greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by the end of 2025, five years before the CLCPA’s first targets in 2030, and to become a zero-carbon-emitting power generation facility by 2035.

The issue, to Hall, felt so cut-and-dried in favor of Greenidge that the massive outcry against it came as a shock.

“Through this whole thing, the [pro-bitcoin] groups have been weak,” Hall said, noting that the environmentalists, on the other hand, have mounted a strong campaign.

“The very first hearing, they bussed people in here. You couldn’t move in the village. But they were not residents, they came from a long ways away,” Hall said.

“Beni öyle bir noktaya getiriyor ki…” Hall sustu. “Yüzlerce yıldır her türlü para ve siyasi destekle devam eden bu [çevresel] gruplardan bazılarına bakarsınız ve buraya küçük bir topluluk halinde gelirler ve olan budur. Sadece seni aştılar.

İyi iş yok

Hall ve Greenidge’in diğer yerel destekçileri, Bitcoin’i pek umursamıyor. Ancak umursadıkları şey iştir.

Açık olmak gerekirse, Greenidge – herhangi bir bitcoin madenciliği operasyonu, gerçekten, birçok bitcoin madencisinin argümanlarına rağmen – bölgede büyük bir işveren değil. Bir bitcoin madenciliği operasyonu yürütmek o kadar çok insan gerektirmez ve yaratılan işlerin çoğu ya geçici inşaat rolleri ya da bakım ya da güvenlik gibi düşük ücretli pozisyonlardır.

But, in upstate New York – a region once defined by a plethora of well-paid and unionized manufacturing jobs that have dried up – a job is a job. Many towns that were once filled with working-class families have withered as the plants that provided their residents’ jobs closed and moved overseas. The Finger Lakes region is no exception.

Griffin, of the development center, said Greenidge employs 54 people, paying roughly twice as much as the traditional manufacturing salaries in the area.

Griffin, who is also a basketball coach at the local high school, told CoinDesk that it was rewarding to see some of his students go to work for Greenidge after graduation.

“Kids I used to coach are now working near home, where you never would have expected that. Their parents sure wouldn’t have expected their kids to be able to live near them, making more money than they probably made out of college,” Griffin said. “It’s honestly everything from an economic development perspective you’d hope it to be.”

Mike Davis, the business manager of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 840, said Greenidge is an important source of work for union members, especially during slow winter months when construction normally slows down.

IBEW’s workers, Davis said, have good paying jobs – especially by local standards, where the major employer is the region’s $3 billion agri-tourism industry, which mainly provides low-paid and often part-time labor and hospitality jobs. A junior wireman, according to Davis, makes $38.95 per hour, with an additional $20 per hour in benefits.

In the summer months, Davis said Greenidge typically needed six to eight of the Union’s electrical workers at any one time, but that number was closer to 40 in the winter months – the company deliberately scheduled certain upgrades and similar operations for those winter months, Davis said, so as to keep these workers employed.

If Greenidge were to shutter its operation, Davis said, winters could be tough to find enough work to keep all his members paid.

Davis, “Muhtemelen 10 ila 15 aileyi etkileyecektir” dedi. “Kış boyunca Greenidge’de 15 kişi daha az çalışırsa, bölgede insanları gönderebileceğim 15 iş daha az olur.”

Ülkenin dört bir yanında şubeleri bulunan IBEW, Kelles’ın madenciliği moratoryumdan geçirme çabasına karşı direnişini dile getirdi. Birliğin muhalefeti, Kelles’in bir önceki Meclis oturumunda tasarıyı geçirmeye yönelik ilk girişimini öldürmekten sorumluydu, ancak bu, tasarının Kelles’ın ikinci girişiminde nihai olarak galip gelmesini engellemeye yeterli değildi.

Kelles, CoinDesk’in birden fazla yorum isteğini yanıtlamadı.

efsane avı

Milletvekillerinin ve yerel aktivistlerin Seneca Gölü’nü çevreleyen çevreyi korumak için birkaç düzine sendika işini feda etmeye istekli olması belki de anlaşılabilir.

In their telling, Greenidge is a monstrosity, a gas-guzzling “cancer” that blights the otherwise serene, rolling hills surrounding the glacial lake, as Yvonne Taylor, vice president of Seneca Lake Guardian put it in a press release,

Activists like Taylor express anger that the power plant, built in 1937 but mothballed in 2011, was purchased by a Connecticut-based private-equity firm, converted to a natural gas–fired plant and brought back online – something they see as a step backward.

Easily disproved is Kelles’ assertion that the area surrounding Greenidge sounds like standing near a “jet engine on a tarmac.”

When CoinDesk visited the facility last summer – standing outside, because Greenidge, which has been notoriously tight-lipped with the press, did not respond to CoinDesk’s repeated requests to tour the facility – the only sounds to be heard were the soft whooshing of fans and bird calls.

Another major complaint from Taylor and activists like her is that the warm water Greenidge is putting back into Seneca Lake – the same process used by the facility since 1937 – is contributing to harmful algal blooms (HABs) on Seneca Lake. If true, that would be worrisome. HABs (essentially, explosions of algae) can be devastating to aquatic life.

This is a claim activists have repeated over and over and over again.

But here’s the rub: data shows that each of the Finger Lakes – not just Seneca Lake – has experienced HABs in recent years. There is not a power plant on any of the other lakes. The first reported cyanobacterial HAB on Seneca Lake was in 2015 – two years before the plant re-started and five years before it began mining bitcoin.

Furthermore, the State of New York commissioned a report on Seneca and Keuka lakes last August that found that phosphorus discharges are “considered the primary substance affecting water quality and the usability of the resource for both aquatic habitat and human uses.” Greenidge’s operation does not discharge phosphorus, a compound found in most fertilizers.

Bruce Murray has kept a fairly low profile in the debate. His winery, Boundary Breaks, sits on the east side of Seneca Lake and occupies 150 acres opposite Greenidge.

He told CoinDesk that in the last 25 years, there have been substantial changes in the aquatic condition of Seneca Lake. The salinity of the lake has risen (there are several salt mines in the area), the population of lake trout has decreased and invasive species of wildlife, like quagga mussels, have proliferated.

Activists have also repeatedly reiterated concerns that Greenidge’s intake pipes were responsible for sucking up fish, larvae and other aquatic critters and killing them. Greenidge spent $6 million constructing and installing wedge-wire fish screens in response to concerns.

CoinDesk tried to reach Taylor, calling and emailing several times to get Seneca Lake Guardian’s side of the story. When a reporter finally reached her by phone, Taylor was curt.

“We’re not interested in working with you, OK?” Taylor said, before hanging up.

‘Çok siyasi’

Yerel çevre gruplarının iddialarının yanlışlığı, Greenidge’in Hall ve Davis gibi yerel destekçilerini rahatsız ediyor.

Davis, CoinDesk’e sendika üyelerinin çoğunun aileleri nesillerdir bölgede yaşayan yerel halk olduğunu ve birçoğunun hevesli avcılar ve balıkçılar olduğunu söyledi.

Davis, “‘Hey, bu göl için kötü ve artık bunu yapmakla ilgilenmiyoruz’ diyen ilk kişiler biz olurduk, ama durum bu değil,” dedi. “Bu yosun patlamaları tüm göllerde ve tüm göllerde enerji santralleri yok. Bunun neden olduğunu öğrenmek için neden test yapmıyoruz? Neden parmağımızı gösterip Greenidge olduğunu söylüyoruz?

“[Kelles’s] region has been notoriously environmentally friendly,” Davis added. “She goes to her base, and that’s her base. It’s very political. It’s very divisive. And, unfortunately, most of the time, the information that’s out there is from a special interest group. But the real information, if you sit down and look at it, doesn’t add up.”

Griffin, too, expressed frustration with what he described as the “constant punching back-and-forth” between environmentalists and bitcoiners over Greenidge.

He speculated that the real issue for the anti-Greenidge camp was that bitcoin simply wasn’t relevant to their lives. When other data centers open up, Griffin said, there are ribbon cuttings.

Hall, the Dresden mayor, appeared to agree.

“Bunu kesinlikle anlamayan insanlar var” dedi. “Birisi onlara kötü noktalarını söyledi ve birden fazla insan var – burada yerel olarak bazılarımız var – bunun sadece kıskançlık olduğunu. Zemin kata girmediler, hiç para kazanmıyorlar, bu yüzden kimse para kazanamayacak. Ve işte orada.”

Şarap imalathanesi sahibi Murray, CoinDesk’e para kazanma arzusunu anladığını ve prensipte enerji kullanımına karşı olmadığını, ancak bitcoin’in amacını görmediğini söyledi.

Orada binlerce maden makinesini çalıştırabilirler” dedi. “Ne için, soru şu. Ne için?”

Izgara sorunları

While bitcoin’s relevance may be debatable, the need for a consistent and reliable source of power is not. Meeting the state’s increasing energy demand, which is ballooning as more electric cars come online (electric vehicles are expected to gobble up 14% of New York’s total energy output by 2050), is not currently possible without fossil fuels.

The New York Independent System Operator (NYISO), which monitors the state’s power grid, said in its 2022 annual analysis that the grid is strained by the “deactivation of generation resources that provide critical reliability services to the grid.”

Griffin told CoinDesk that Greenidge is, first and foremost, a power generation plant.

“Their primary operating purpose is to generate power and send it to the grid when the grid needs it,” Griffin said. “Every day, power goes from that plant to the grid. Every single day.”

When the power isn’t needed, Griffin explained, Greenidge uses its excess capacity – which would otherwise be wasted – to power its bitcoin mining operation.

NYISO, the state’s independent entity which oversees its power generators, referred CoinDesk to its Gold Book annual report in response to a request for comment about how much electricity Greenidge provides to the state’s energy grid or what shuttering Greenidge might mean for it. A spokesperson told CoinDesk the entity did not have any data on how much of the energy generated goes to the grid, versus mining.

Before Greenidge began mining bitcoin, it sent an average of 186,878 megawatts (MW) of power to New York’s grid, according to data provided by a Greenidge spokesperson. After its bitcoin mining operation came online, the amount of power Greenidge was sending to the grid – excess power that was not consumed by bitcoin mining – was comparable, at a yearly average of 184,889 megawatts of power.

A review of Greenidge’s most recent quarterly filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission indicated it did indeed generate revenue from selling electricity to the NYISO, but only provided dollar figures and not the electricity mix itself. Bitcoin mining is more profitable than selling electricity to NYISO, based on these filings. According to both the filing and NYISO’s annual report, Greenidge reported a nameplate capacity of 106 MW per hour for 2022. That translates to an annual capacity of 928,560 MW, though Greenidge says it doesn’t operate to that maximum capacity.

Davis, the IBEW director, told CoinDesk he’s sympathetic to desires to get away from natural gas as an electricity source.

Davis, “Ama şu anda, senin seçeneğin bu,” dedi. “Çünkü talebiniz arttığında, güneş esmiyorsa ve rüzgar esmiyorsa, gücünüz yok. Onu bir yerde üretmelisin.”

Gerçek politika

Bitcoin madenciliğinin çevre üzerinde gerçek ve somut bir etkisi vardır. Bu gerçek söz konusu değil. Madencilerin mevcut bir enerji şebekesinden veya kaynağından yararlandıkları yerlerde hesaba katılmamış olabilecek bir talep yaratırlar. Madencilerin kendi enerji üretim tesislerini geliştirdikleri yerlerde, fosil yakıtların daha fazla kullanılmasını sağlayabilirler.

Yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarına sahip yerlerde kurulum yapan madenciler bile, yenilenebilir kaynaklar yeni talebi karşılamakta yetersiz kalırsa yine daha fazla fosil yakıt emisyonuna yol açabilir.

A Greenidge spokesperson declined to respond to specific questions about the company’s operations or impact on the local grid. In a statement attributed to Greenidge President Dale Irwin, the company said “the campaign run against Greenidge for years has been factually inaccurate and intentionally misleading. Those untruths masked as advocacy have unquestionably impacted policy decisions and it’s unfortunate.”

“It truly didn’t become an issue until they started doing bitcoin mining. That was the trigger for when all of a sudden, all of the alarm came.”

Finger Lakes Economic Development Center CEO Steve Griffin

The debate around bitcoin mining’s role in the U.S. ignores much of the nuance around these companies’ roles and conflates the different types of facilities. This wouldn’t be a problem, except these debates are driving real policies and policy outcomes in the U.S. without always hearing from those most directly affected, particularly in places like Dresden and other immediately adjacent villages like Torrey and Penn Yan.

“We’re direct beneficiaries of that plant,” Hall said. “The town of Torrey is a direct beneficiary. They get payment in lieu of taxes – the town, the county, the school district is a huge beneficiary. If the school district benefits from the tax money, it obviously benefits me and you as the homeowners.”

Griffin, of the development agency, said Greenidge generated $3 million in 2021 in the payments in lieu of taxes.

Though he acknowledged there are some residents who oppose the plant, Griffin said he knew “way more people” who supported Greenidge’s continued operation than who opposed it.

“In my day-to-day, I hear more positives about the plant operating than negatives. Far more,” Griffin said. “It truly didn’t become an issue until they started doing bitcoin mining. That was the trigger for when all of a sudden, all of the alarm came.”

He added: “We did it here, and it’s the end of the world. The opposition to this one, it’s confusing to me. And the only thing I can point to is that people are just not sure what bitcoin does for them.”

Nolen Hayes contributed reporting.

This story originally appeared on Coindesk

Cayuga Gölü’nün güney ve doğusundaki bir dizi kasabayı temsil eden bir Demokrat olan New York Meclis Üyesi Anna Kelles, Earthjustice ve Sierra Club gibi ulusal çevre grupları ve Seneca Lake Guardian gibi hiper yerel gruplar da dahil olmak üzere tasarının destekçileri, yasanın geçişini önemli bir olay olarak müjdelediler. zafer. Şimdi, savaşı ulusallaştırıyorlar.

Source: https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/currencies/the-bitcoin-mining-debate-is-ignoring-the-people-most-affected-1032346362?op=1

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