Radio Battalion – Wikipedia

Radio Battalion - Wikipedia

USMC - 1st Radio Battalion.png



  • List of United States Marine Corps battalions
  • 1st Radio Battalion Home Page
  • 2nd Radio Battalion Home Page
  • 3rd Radio Battalion Home Page
  • Story on 1st Bn’s redesignation as 3rd Bn
  • MEWSS information
  • 1st Radio Battalion Vietnam Veterans Site
  • 2nd Radio Battalion Lineage
  • 2nd Radio Battalion Organizational History
  • Source:

    Bitcoin whale clusters pinpoint critical levels BTC must hold to rally

    Bitcoin whale clusters pinpoint critical levels BTC must hold to rally

    Bitcoin (BTC) whale clusters point toward three critical price levels to maintain a bullish market structure in the near term.

    Whale clusters form when large investors purchase Bitcoin and do not move it, making it an unspent transaction. These clusters typically indicate where crucial support levels exist and the logic is that BTC needs to maintain this level to see a prolonged rally.

    According to data from Whalemap, the three important support levels marked by whales are $10,407, $10,570, and $10,667.

    Macro Bitcoin support levels represented as whale clusters. Source: Whalemap

    Macro Bitcoin support levels represented as whale clusters. Source: Whalemap

    Whales, or individual investors holding large amounts of Bitcoin, usually seek significant liquidity to buy or sell. This is because they deal with substantial buy or sell orders and manage this need by targeting highly liquid price points.

    Whale accumulation often takes place as weak hands capitulate and typically a retail sell-off amidst peak fear in the markets coincides with whale purchases because there are large sell volumes to absorb.

    In the past five days, there were many reasons and unexpected events that could have pushed retail investors to sell.

    On Oct. 1, the U.S. Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) charged BitMEX with violating the Bank Secrecy Act. Almost immediately after, BTC plunged by 4.1%.

    Then, on Oct. 2, U.S. President Donald Trump tested positive for COVID-19. The President’s unexpected COVID-19 contraction temporarily shook financial markets and added some selling pressure on Bitcoin.

    The two events caused fear in the cryptocurrency market to intensify and Bitcoin price fell from $10,900 to $10,500.

    Over the following days the price recovered to $10,670 and this new found resilience corresponds with the whale clusters that formed on Oct. 2.

    In addition to the activity of whales, there are two technical catalysts that could buoy the sentiment around BTC.

    First, the Bitcoin futures funding rate across major exchanges are either negative or neutral. When a funding rate is low, it signifies that the majority of traders on futures exchanges are betting against BTC.

    A prolonged period of negative rates raises the likelihood of a short squeeze, which could cause BTC to increase. A pseudonymous trader known as “Byzantine General” said:

    “We’re getting closer to Monday and funding has gone more negative. Especially Binance, where most of the fish are.”

    Furthermore, since the CFTC’s charge against the exchange, market data provider Glassnode reports that investors pulled 45,000 BTC from BitMEX.

    Many industry experts foreshadowed regulatory action against BitMEX and the resulting Bitcoin outflow is not terribly surprising.

    One could argue that the outflow of funds from BitMEX to more reliable two exchanges could benefit the overall market sentiment. Particularly because Gemini is considered to be one of the strongest exchanges in the crypto sphere in terms of regulatory compliance.


    Author: News Bureau

    Fibre Channel - Wikipedia

    Fibre Channel – Wikipedia

    Topology diagram of a Fibre Channel point-to-point connection

  • Point-to-point (see FC-FS-3). Two devices are connected directly to each other using N_ports. This is the simplest topology, with limited connectivity.[3] The bandwidth is dedicated.
  • A minimal loop containing only two ports, while appearing to be similar to point-to-point, differs considerably in terms of the protocol.
  • Only one pair of ports can communicate concurrently on a loop.
  • Maximum speed of 8GFC.
  • Arbitrated Loop has been rarely used after 2010.
  • The Fabric can scale to tens of thousands of ports.
  • The switches manage the state of the Fabric, providing optimized paths via Fabric Shortest Path First (FSPF) data routing protocol.
  • The traffic between two ports flows through the switches and not through any other ports like in Arbitrated Loop.
  • Failure of a port is isolated to a link and should not affect operation of other ports.
  • Multiple pairs of ports may communicate simultaneously in a Fabric.
  • Fibre Channel is a layered technology that starts at the physical layer and progresses through the protocols to the upper level protocols like SCSI and SBCCS.

  • FC-4 – Protocol-mapping layer, in which upper level protocols such as NVM Express (NVMe), SCSI, IP, and FICON are encapsulated into Information Units (IUs) for delivery to FC-2. Current FC-4s include FCP-4, FC-SB-5, and FC-NVMe.
  • FC-3 – Common services layer, a thin layer that could eventually implement functions like encryption or RAID redundancy algorithms; multiport connections;
  • FC-2 – Signaling Protocol, defined by the Fibre Channel Framing and Signaling 4 (FC-FS-5) standard, consists of the low level Fibre Channel network protocols; port to port connections;
  • FC-1 – Transmission Protocol, which implements line coding of signals;
  • FC-0 – physical layer, includes cabling, connectors etc.;
  • FC topologies and port types: This diagram shows how N_Ports can be connected to a fabric or to another N_Port. A Loop Port (L_Port) communicates through a shared loop and is rarely used anymore.

  • N_Port (Node port) An N_Port is typically an HBA port that connects to a switch’s F_Port or another N_Port. Nx_Port communicating through a PN_Port that is not operating a Loop Port State Machine.[13]
  • F_Port (Fabric port) An F_Port is a switch port that is connected to an N_Port.[14]
  • E_Port (Expansion port) Switch port that attaches to another E_Port to create an Inter-Switch Link.[14]
  • L_Port (Loop port) FC_Port that contains Arbitrated Loop functions associated with the Arbitrated Loop topology.[14]
  • FL_Port (Fabric Loop port) L_Port that is able to perform the function of an F_Port, attached via a link to one or more NL_Ports in an Arbitrated Loop topology.[14]
  • NL_Port (Node Loop port) PN_Port that is operating a Loop port state machine.[14]
  • Fx_Port switch port capable of operating as an F_Port or FL_Port.[13]
  • Nx_Port end point for Fibre Channel frame communication, having a distinct address identifier and Name_Identifier,providing an independent set of FC-2V functions to higher levels, and having the ability to act as an Originator, a Responder, or both.[13]
  • A Port has a physical structure as well as logical or virtual structure. This diagram shows how a virtual port may have multiple physical ports and vice versa.

  • PN_Port entity that includes a Link_Control_Facility and one or more Nx_Ports.[14]
  • VF_Port (Virtual F_Port) instance of the FC-2V sublevel that connects to one or more VN_Ports.[14]
  • VN_Port (Virtual N_Port) instance of the FC-2V sublevel. VN_Port is used when it is desired to emphasize support for multiple Nx_Ports on a single Multiplexer (e.g., via a single PN_Port).[13]
  • VE_Port (Virtual E_Port) instance of the FC-2V sublevel that connects to another VE_Port or to a B_Port to create an Inter-Switch Link.[14]
  • A_Port (Adjacent port) combination of one PA_Port and one VA_Port operating together.[14]
  • B_Port (Bridge Port) Fabric inter-element port used to connect bridge devices with E_Ports on a Switch.[13]
  • D_Port (Diagnostic Port) A configured port used to perform diagnostic tests on a link with another D_Port.[15]
  • EX_Port A type of E_Port used to connect to an FC router fabric.[15]
  • G_Port (Generic Fabric port) Switch port that may function either as an E_Port, A_Port, or as an F_Port.[14]
  • GL_Port (Generic Fabric Loop port) Switch port that may function either as an E_Port, A_Port, or as an Fx_Port.[14]
  • PE_Port LCF within the Fabric that attaches to another PE_Port or to a B_Port through a link.[13]
  • PF_Port LCF within a Fabric that attaches to a PN_Port through a link.[13]
  • TE_Port (Trunking E_Port) A trunking expansion port that expands the functionality of E ports to support VSAN trunking, Transport quality of service (QoS) parameters, and Fibre Channel trace (fctrace) feature.[16]
  • U_Port (Universal port) A port waiting to become another port type[15]
  • VA_Port (Virtual A_Port) instance of the FC-2V sublevel of Fibre Channel that connects to another VA_Port.[14]
  • VEX_Port VEX_Ports are no different from EX_Ports, except underlying transport is IP rather than FC.[15]
  • Fibre Channel predominantly uses the SFP module with the LC connector and duplex cabling, but 128GFC uses the QSFP28 module and the MPO connectors and ribbon cabling.

    The SFP-DD module is used in high-density applications that need to double the throughput of traditional SFP ports.

    The Fibre Channel SAN connects servers to storage via Fibre Channel switches.

  • Directors offer a high port-count in a modular (slot-based) chassis with no single point of failure (high availability).
  • Switches are typically smaller, fixed-configuration (sometimes semi-modular), less redundant devices.
  • Dual port 8Gb FC host bus adapter card.

    Dual port 16Gb FC host bus adapter card.

  • Arbitrated loop
  • 8b/10b encoding, 64b/66b encoding
  • Converged network adapter (CNA)
  • Fibre Channel electrical interface
  • Fabric Application Interface Standard
  • Fabric Shortest Path First – routing algorithm
  • Fibre Channel zoning
  • Registered State Change Notification
  • Virtual Storage Area Network
  • Fibre Channel frame
  • Fibre Channel Logins (FLOGI)
  • Fibre Channel network protocols
  • Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)
  • Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP), contrast with Internet Fibre Channel Protocol (iFCP)
  • Fibre Channel switch
  • Fibre Channel time-out values
  • Gen 5 Fibre Channel
  • Host Bus Adapter (HBA)
  • Interconnect bottleneck
  • IP over Fibre Channel (IPFC)
  • List of Fibre Channel standards
  • List of device bandwidths
  • N_Port ID Virtualization
  • Optical communication
  • Optical fiber cable
  • Parallel optical interface
  • Serial Storage Architecture (SSA)
  • Storage Area Network
  • Storage Hypervisor
  • World Wide Name
    • Clark, T. Designing Storage Area Networks, Addison-Wesley, 1999. ISBN 0-201-61584-3
  • RFC 2625 – IP and ARP over Fibre Channel
  • RFC 2837 – Definitions of Managed Objects for the Fabric Element in Fibre Channel Standard
  • RFC 3723 – Securing Block Storage Protocols over IP
  • RFC 4044 – Fibre Channel Management MIB
  • RFC 4625 – Fibre Channel Routing Information MIB
  • RFC 4626 – MIB for Fibre Channel’s Fabric Shortest Path First (FSPF) Protocol
  • Fibre Channel Industry Association (FCIA)
  • INCITS technical committee responsible for FC standards(T11)
  • IBM SAN Survival Guide
  • Introduction to Storage Area Networks
  • Fibre Channel overview
  • Fibre Channel tutorial (UNH-IOL)
  • Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA)
  • Virtual fibre Channel in Hyper V
  • FC Switch Configuration Tutorial
  • Source:

    China’s Interest Is Centered Around Bitcoin, Signals Next Bull Run

    China’s Interest Is Centered Around Bitcoin, Signals Next Bull Run

    Over the last week, Bitcoin has been consolidating around $10,700 levels. Interestingly, the world’s largest cryptocurrency has been holding its position resiliently despite some negative news like BitMEX’s CFTC charges leading to an erosion of 32,000 BTC from the exchange.

    However, there’s been a spike in new participants coming to Bitcoin clearly indicated by a spike in new Bitcoin addresses. We are typically seeing 5-10K new Bitcoin addresses every day. However, there was an interesting breakout last week with a new BTC address shooting above 22k. Well, if this has to indicate something, Bitcoin might be setting up the stage for its next bull run.

    While this is certainly an interesting development for the Bitcoin community, there’s something more to it than what meets the eye. An interesting analysis presented by Cole Garner suggests that all these Bitcoin addresses are coming from CHINA. Yes, there seems to a healthy purchase volume coming from China that has been supporting the BTC price last week despite not so positive news in the market.

    You might be wondering that China has banned crypto for a long time and why this move suddenly? In fact, the recent actions by the Chinese governments suggest that there coordinated effort and marketing campaign to tickle Chinese investors’ minds towards crypto. Meaning the Chinese government is looking to trigger the next bull run.

    Hmm this is an interesting propaganda vibe from CCP’s official media outlets as “参考消息”, Xinhua and CCTV2

    the headline “cryptoasset is the best performing asset YTD” was featured on all avenues, news paper, online media and TV

    It’s rare for such a coordinated effort

    — Dovey 以德服人 Wan 🪐🦖 (@DoveyWan) September 25, 2020

    It’s a known fact that China is home to some of the largest Bitcoin mining activity in the world. Since it controls Bitcoin mining, it also holds the largest BTC than any other country on the planet. Mr. Garner notes that the Chinese leadership will promote any narrative that suits their interests in the best possible manner.

    We also know that China is looking at just one big opportunity that can make it the global economic leader topping the U.S. So if Bitcoin can help it to get the position of economic power, why not? Moreover, global financial institutions have been leaning towards Bitcoin with an uncertain economic outlook. Hence, China won’t be willing to lose the place where it has a strong footing.

    Besides, Garner also attributes the latest surge in Tether’s USD printing to China’s marketing campaign.

    10/ The recent explosion in #Tether printing might have been a leading precursor to China’s marketing campaign.

    China dominates $USDT volume globally — and #Tether dominates their fiat onramp liquidity.

    — Cole Garner (@ColeGarnerBTC) October 5, 2020

    Thus, Garner suspects that China’s latest retail buying interest has helped Bitcoin sustain last week’s bearish news. While retail buyers are not the market movers, the offer clear signals of big moves in the bull market.

    BTC price prediction is nothing new to the market. However, there’s a growing chorus among analysts for Bitcoin’s next bull run. Blockstream analyst Adam Back recently said that Bitcoin will hit $1 trillion in the next two years by 2020. With the current market cap around $200 billion, the BTC price will fivefold from here somewhere around $50,000.

    Conservative. I’d say #bitcoin likely sees $1trillion market cap within 2years, probably sooner. $1trillion is about BTC $50k.

    — Adam Back (@adam3us) October 5, 2020

    Bloomberg’s latest crypto outlook report also suggests that the Bitcoin price will touch the $100,000 mark in the next years i.e. $2 trillion in market cap. Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Mike McGlone said:

    “Considering normal maturation, about double the time frame from $1,000 to $10,000 would come in around 2025, for Bitcoin to potentially add another zero.”

    The post China’s Interest Is Centered Around Bitcoin, Signals Next Bull Run appeared first on Coingape.


    Author: By TeamMMG

    Radio Battalion - Wikipedia

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