Beginner’s guide to Altcoin cryptocurrencies: Risk, rewards & top 5 Altcoins by market capitalisation to consider, Mo

Bitcoin has hit an all-time excessive of $56,926 (S$76,000) and a market cap of US$1 trillion.

However, Bitcoin is just not the one cryptocurrency out there.

There’s an entire world of cryptocurrencies exterior of Bitcoin and it’s as wild because it will get.


Right here is all it is advisable find out about altcoins!

TL;DR: Newbie’s information to Altcoin CryptocurrenciesAltcoinWorth (USD)Market Cap (USD)Each day Traded Quantity (USD)Circulating ProvideEther (ETH)$2,005.78$230.3 billion$31.4 billion114.8 million ETHBinance Coin (BNB)$277.82$42.8 billion$10.3 billion154.5 million BNBPolkadot (DOT)$39.58$37.3 billion$3.7 billion922.9 million DOTCardano (ADA)$1.13$35.3 billionUS$9 billion31.1 billion ADATether (USDT)$0.99$34.1 billionUS$125.4 billion34.1 billion USDTWhat are Altcoins (Alts)?

Altcoins or alts for brief are merely cryptocurrencies that aren’t Bitcoin .

The phrase altcoins is a portmanteau for the phrases different cash.

So principally, another cryptocurrency that isn’t Bitcoin falls below the class of altcoins.

In response to main knowledge cryptocurrency knowledge aggregator CoinMarketCap , there are over 8,200 altcoins which can be presently listed.

When you have been following Bitcoin’s meteoric rise with the coin hitting a historic US$1 trillion market cap not too long ago, you is perhaps questioning; is there a necessity for altcoins?

Properly, the reply is just not too complicated. Bitcoin is just not with out its flaws.

Sometimes, altcoins will try to make a superior model of Bitcoin or create a coin with completely different performance.

Let’s discover the classes now.

Classes of Altcoins

In the case of altcoins, you need to know that there are completely different classes of altcoins and that some altcoins may fall into a number of classes.

These classes embody:

  • Mining-based cryptocurrencies: Cash created by a mining course of the place new cash are minted by fixing complicated math puzzles to unlock new blocks ala Bitcoin.
  • Stablecoins: Cash which can be pegged to exterior currencies in a bid to scale back volatility.
  • Safety Tokens: Cash which can be a digital tokenised type of conventional inventory/safety/fairness. These cash are linked to a enterprise and are sometimes launched through preliminary coin choices. Like conventional shares, these cash are inclined to payout some type of dividend or symbolize a stake in a enterprise .
  • Utility Tokens: These cash may be exchanged for providers or merchandise and are sometimes offered throughout an ICO.

Earlier than you spend money on altcoins, listed here are some cons you have to be conscious of.

Dangers of Altcoins

  • Excessive threat: Altcoin investing is extraordinarily dangerous as most altcoins are inclined to lose their worth over time.
  • Massively risky: The worth of altcoins is sort of completely depending on demand and provide that’s unbiased of any real-world asset or medium. This implies that you would be able to anticipate big worth actions within the short-term.
  • Extra prone to cost manipulation: Altcoins are usually extra prone to cost manipulation because the small market capitalisation and buying and selling quantity of those altcoins imply that inflows and outflows of smaller quantities of capital can enormously transfer the worth.
  • Lack of performance: Altcoins may lose their worth and grow to be out of date when the expertise behind these altcoins turns into outdated or changed.
  • Shopper Safety: Not like conventional banks, cryptocurrency doesn’t have any official safeguards or insurances.
  • Regulatory points: As a result of the asset class is so new, governments and banks haven’t but shaped a coherent fiscal coverage for them. Due to this fact, there’s at all times a threat that their taxation standing, buying and selling guidelines, and even outright legality, may change in a single day.
  • Rip-off and fraud fisk: As altcoins are unregulated, they is perhaps extra prone to scams and fraud. Take this Singaporean who misplaced $130,000 to a faux bitcoin dealer for instance.

ALSO READ: How cryptocurrencies can replace other pay options


  • Interdependence with Bitcoin: Research has shown that the worth of altcoin and Bitcoin are intently interlinked. This interdependence is extra pronounced within the quick run in comparison with the long term.

Potential rewards of Altcoins

  • Threat-return tradeoff: The upper the danger the upper the potential reward. However, that may be a large if as it’s usually tougher to calculate the risk-return tradeoff with altcoins.
  • Excessive returns: On steadiness, in the event you do your analysis effectively, you’ll be handsomely rewarded It isn’t unusual to search out altcoins that go up greater than 100x in just a few months. However,it’s difficult to determine the best tasks that may develop exponentially sooner or later.

It isn’t advisable to spend money on one thing that you simply’re not aware of, so I’d encourage you to learn past this text in case you are fascinated with investing in cryptocurrencies.

Earlier than deciding to spend money on altcoin do your due diligence and analysis the altcoin totally earlier than investing in any altcoin.

With that out of the best way, listed here are the highest 5 non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies by market capitalisation (as of Feb 20, 2021) so that you can think about and do your due diligence on.

FYI: Altcoin market capitalisation = Complete circulating provide of altcoins X the worth of every coin (primarily based on the alternate fee with fiat currencies just like the USD).


These are additionally a number of the extra standard altcoins that are usually extra secure and have a big neighborhood behind them.

ALSO READ: 5 digital currencies you can invest in besides bitcoin (And their performance in 2020)

1. Ether (ETH)

Based in 2015, Ethereum is likely one of the longest-lasting decentralised open-source blockchain platform that enables customers to execute sensible contracts and construct purposes.

As well as, you’ll be able to really create different cryptocurrencies off the Ethereum platform.

As such, Ether (ETH) is the Ethereum platform’s native token.

ETH is also known as the silver to Bitcoin’s gold as it’s the subsequent largest cryptocurrency by market capitalisation after Bitcoin

Not like Bitcoin, ETH features extra as a supply of vitality for sensible contracts.

The cryptocurrency acts as a gasoline that enables sensible contracts to run in contrast to bitcoin, which is supposed to be a unit of foreign money on a peer-to-peer fee community.

Market capitalisation: US$230.3 billion

Quantity (how a lot traded in 24 hours): US$31.4 billion

Circulating provide: 114.8 million ETH

Present worth: US$2,005.78

2. Binance Coin (BNB)

Binance coin (BNB) was created again in July 2017 and presently features because the in home token from the Binance cryptocurrency alternate.

Initially, the coin was working from the Ethereum blockchain with the token ERC-20. However subsequently, the coin turned the interior foreign money of Binance’s personal Binance Chain blockchain.

When it comes to performance, you need to use BNB to commerce and pay transaction charges on Binance.

To incentivise customers to make use of the token, Binance gave reductions in the event you use BNB.

You may as well commerce and alternate BNB with different cash like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin and extra.

Market capitalisation: US$42.8 billion

Quantity (how a lot traded in 24 hours): U$10.3 billion

Circulating provide: 154.5 million BNB

Present Worth (As of Feb 20, 2021): US$277.82

ALSO READ: A Tesla for a bitcoin: Musk drives up cryptocurrency price with $2b purchase

3. Polkadot (DOT)

DOT is the native token of the Polkadot platform which was based in 2016.

The token was created for the aim of finishing up the important thing features of the heterogeneous blockchain Polkadot platform.

The important thing features of DOT embody:

  • Offering governance for the community,
  • Working the community
  • Creating parachains by bonding DOT.

The protocol for this platform was developed by Dr. Gavin Wooden, the co-founder of Ethereum. Basically, the Polkadot platform was created to allow personal customised facet chains to hyperlink to public blockchains

Market capitalisation: US$37.3 billion

Quantity (how a lot traded in 24 hours): US$3.7 billion

Circulating provide: 922.9 million DOT

Present orice (As of Feb 20, 2021): US$39.58

4. Cardano (ADA)

Cardano was launched in 2017 by Ehtereum and BitShares co-founder Charles Hoskinson.

Cardano is a proof-of-stake public blockchain platform and cryptocurrency community for sensible contract growth.

In different phrases, it features as a social and monetary working system.

The interior token for Cardano is ADA, named after English mathematician Ada Lovelace.

ADA appears to be like to resolve the failings of different cryptocurrencies by specializing in interoperability.

The coin can also be technologically superior because it is ready to course of monetary transactions in mere seconds.

Market capitalisation: US$35.3 billion

Quantity (how nuch traded in 24 hours): US$9 billion

Circulating provide: 31.1 billion ADA

Present worth (As of Feb 20, 2021): $1.13

ALSO READ: Bitcoin climbs towards all-time high after topping $25k

5. Tether (USDT)

Tether is a Stablecoin that’s backed by actual property: i.e. fiat currencies, just like the USD and Euro.

Every Tether token is pegged to the underlying fiat foreign money backing it with a 1:1 ratio. Which means that Tether is backed 100 per cent by precise property within the Tether platform’s reserve account.

As every Tether is pegged to real-world fiat currencies, it isn’t as risky as different cryptocurrencies.

The coin permits companies like exchanges, monetary establishments and fee firms to make use of fiat-backed tokens on blockchains.

Whereas not strictly an funding per se, you’ll be able to earn rewards from the method of crypto staking.

How this works is that you simply maintain a sure cryptocurrency like USDT in a crypto pockets to assist a selected blockchain community’s safety and operations.

The cryptocurrency is locked or put away. In return, you get staking rewards which normally come within the type of extra cryptocurrency.

For instance, you’ll be able to stake USDT on a cryptocurrency alternate like Binance and earn 12.49 per cent p.a. on the cryptocurrency.


Market capitalisation: US$34.1 billion

Quantity (how a lot traded in 24 hours): US$125.4 billion

Circulating provide: 34.1 billion USDT

Present worth (As of 20 Feb 2021): US$0.99

After getting completed your due diligence you may need to try our information to purchasing Bitcoin and different cryptocurrencies in Singapore !

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